IL-1beta is a proinflammatory cytokine produced in a variety of cells including monocytes, tissue macrophages, keratinocytes and other epithelial cells. Both IL-1alpha and IL-1beta binds to the same receptor and has similar if not identical biological properties. These cytokines have a broad range of activities including, stimulation of thymocyte proliferation, by inducing IL-2 release, B-cell maturation and proliferation, mitogenic FGF-like activity and the ability to stimulate the release of prostaglandin and collagenase from synovial cells. However, whereas IL-1beta is a secreted cytokine, IL-1alpha is predominantly a cell-associated cytokine. Recombinant rat IL-1beta is a 17.3 kDa protein containing 153 amino acid residues. Recombinant murine IL-1beta is a 17.5 kDa protein containing 153 amino acid residues. Recombinant human IL-1beta is a 17.3 kDa protein containing 153 amino acid residues.
- Store in working aliquots at -20°C. Avoid freeze/thaw cycles.