PMA Enhancer for Gram Negative Bacteria solution 5X, Biotium

Supplier: Biotium
31038.EA 123 EUR
31038.
PMA Enhancer for Gram Negative Bacteria solution 5X, Biotium
Stains Microscopy and staining reagents
PMA Enhancer for Gram Negative Bacteria was designed to improve PMA- and PMAxx™-mediated discrimination between live and dead gram-negative bacteria.

  • Clear liquid
  • Should be stored at 4°C. When stored as recommended, the product is stable for at least six months from date of receipt.

PMA is a high affinity photoreactive DNA binding dye developed by Biotium for viability PCR (40019). PMAxx™ is our new and improved viability PCR dye (40069). The dyes are weakly fluorescent by themselves but become highly fluorescent upon binding to nucleic acids. Upon photolysis, the dye forms a stable covalent bond with the DNA, thus resulting in permanent DNA modification. The dye is cell membrane-impermeable and thus can be used to selectively modify DNA from dead cells with compromised membrane integrity, while leaving DNA from viable cells intact. PMA and PMAxx™ inhibit PCR amplification of modified DNA templates. Consequently the dye is useful in the selective detection of viable pathogenic cells by quantitative real-time PCR.

PMA Enhancer for Gram Negative Bacteria was designed to improve PMA- and PMAxx™-mediated discrimination between live and dead gram-negative bacteria. PMA Enhancer is provided as a 5X solution, and is added to a sample before the addition of dye. When a sequence from a gram-negative bacteria is amplified by PCR, samples pre-treated with Enhancer show a decrease in the signal from dead cells, with no change in the signal from live cells. Thus, PMA or PMAxx™ plus Enhancer is the optimal way to perform viability PCR on gram-negative bacteria.
The mechanism by which Enhancer improves live/dead discrimination has not been determined. It may improve passive permeability of dead cell walls or membranes to the dye, and/or improve access of the dye to the dead cell DNA.

Note: PMA Enhancer is not intended for use when gram-positive bacteria are to be detected. PMA Enhancer may adversely affect the amplification of live cell DNA from gram-positive bacteria.

For photoactivation of PMA, PMAxx™ or EMA dye, we recommend the use of Biotium’s PMA-Lite™ LED Photolysis Device (E90002), which is designed to conduct photolysis under controlled conditions.
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